THREE eBOOKS OF GEORGE LUKE ABOUT SYSTEM PHILOSOPHY

Synopsis and revolutionary features of THREE eBOOKS
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Introductory note for Kindle eBook Origin of Universe

This book aims to solve the fundamental issues of latest research in cosmology, which combines Big Bang theory with quantum physics. The present enquiry boils down to the question about the origin of matter and energy that constitute the physical world. The treatment of this book is from the secular perspective of philosophy of science, without involving the religious notions of God and creation. The first, second and third chapters would present the paradigms called classical physics and modern physics including the various branches of theoretical physics as well as cosmology. The latest mathematical models proposing the existence of standard model particles, quantum gravity, strings, membranes, multiverse, dark matter and dark energy are critically explained. The fourth and fifth chapters contain the innovative epistemology (theory of knowledge) of such doctrines.

The book argues that there are serious drawbacks in the proposals of scientific cosmology – mainly pluralism and underlying scientific realism. So the search for the most elementary form of matter is elusive. The experimental evidence is lacking, or at least ambiguous, in the case of the said mathematical models. Moreover, the biological world abounds in nonphysical aspects of creativity and purpose, which are outside the scope of science. In a summary way, we can say that the main problems remain unanswered, in spite of spending colossal amount of money and effort for cosmological research. Scientists have reached the dead end. The silver lining in this cloud comes from the principles of System Philosophy of Science being developed in the fifth chapter of this book.

The answer to the basic cosmological question as given in this book can be indicated concisely as following: It is asserted that the theories like Big Bang, inflation, multiverse, etc, are meant only for scientific way of interpreting the history of physical world. The past universe (parental universe) is a system of dark matter and dark energy, which are denoted by DM and DE respectively. This system has existence since it is represented by the X-Y model of coordinate geometry. Then Big Bang is at the origin (x = 0, y = 0) of the system model. Big Bang is similar to the stage of seed, while past universe (DM-DE system) serves as the field. This analogy helps us to answer the question as to what existed before the big bang. The system model effectively removes the problem of pluralism and scientific realism.

The DM-DE system or matter-energy system is the physical reduction of matter-consciousness system of inanimate world. This system model explains the production of the hierarchical levels of subatomic objects and visible substances.
The sixth chapter offers the final solution of cosmological puzzles mainly related to space, time, matter and multiverse. The idea of consciousness in Nature removes the conundrum of intelligent designer. FINALLY, the seventh chapter indicates concisely the topics, appearing in the forthcoming books, such as life, evolution, mind, social systems and ultimate reality.

System Philosophy is an integrative thought about the universe as a system of matter and consciousness, where these constituents are in dialectical and productive relation. It effectively shows that things exist by the union of opposites. This is the central theme of Origin of Universe and also the companion volumes Life and Mind and Discovery of Reality

The present book is written in a pedagogic style, by explaining all concepts in a basic manner making use of suitable Tables and Diagrams. So the book would serve as text as well as reference for all inquisitive readers.

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DEAR FRIENDS AND THINKERS, WARM GREETINGS.

IT IS HIGHLY JOYFUL AND GRATIFYING to inform you that the first eBook ORIGIN OF UNIVERSE is published on 24-7-18 in Amazon Kindle Store.
I think you need an amazon account to see the eBook in the store. If so, you can see about twenty initial pages under LOOK INSIDE. The eBook is about 300 pages and priced $ 4.82 / Rs 332.
It is wonderful that this book appears next to Stephen Hawking’s book.
https://www.amazon.com/s/ref=sr_pg_3?rh=n%3A133140011%2Ck%3Aorigin+of+universe&page=3&keywords=origin+of+universe&ie=UTF8&qid=1533873122

Please see the edition LIVE and give me some feed back.

George Luke, Director, Academy of System Philosophy
Puthenkulam House, Cherukara Kunnu,
Changanacherry, Kerala – 686101, Phone: 9961194502, 0481- 2411830, Email: pgluke@hotmail.com

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Introductory note for Kindle eBook Life and Mind

As is well known, philosophy of science normally pertains to the area of physical sciences. But some philosophers and thinkers have attempted to extend the philosophical enquiry into the realm of biological sciences also; but are caught in the web of controversies. The most important question is about the origin of life and mind with regard to the living beings upon earth. Does the religious view about soul and God have any relevance in this context? Is it justified to say scientifically that the evolution of inanimate molecules caused the emergence of life and mind?
In this situation, we must admit that philosophy of biological science is an unchartered area. The major purpose of present book Life and Mind is to investigate the above issues and to suggest an innovative thesis. It is the second book in the series of three books; the companion books are Origin of Universe and Discovery of Reality.

System Philosophy is defined here as an integrative thought about the universe as a system of matter and consciousness, where these constituents are in dialectical and productive relation. It effectively shows that things exist by the union of opposites. This philosophical path is to be distinguished from the empirical notion called systems philosophy or systems view, popularized in the writings of a group of thinkers including mainly David Bohm, Fritjof Capra and Ervin Laszlo. The main innovative ideas of this book are indicated below.

Firstly, the puzzle of life is explained in terms of different worldviews. The central dogma of molecular biology and genetics is based on machine-algorithm model. Then the epistemological criticism of computer model of life is presented systematically using original arguments. Treating genetic code (information) as non-physical is the vital step to reach the System Philosophy of Life. Here the key idea is that Life is a system formed by the opposite entities called macromolecule (mainly DNA) and information. The new System Model of Life synthesizes the religious and materialist ways of describing the origin of life upon earth. It is the first time that a mathematical method (the X-Y diagram of analytical geometry) is adapted to explain philosophical aspects of life.

System Philosophy of Biological Evolution rejects the materialist approach of Charles Darwin, by holding that evolution is a process involving the combination of matter and consciousness. Further we can show that Darwin’s theory is a physical reduction of the system model being proposed here. It would equip us to tackle the problem of missing links in an ingenious way.

Neuroscientists do not recognize the nonphysical aspects of mind like creativity, purpose and freedom. It is established here that human being is a system, which has three levels of organizations, namely inanimate body, biological body and mind. Consequently, the age-old problem of mind-body dualism is solved through the system model of mind. Also the self-consciousness of human being is explained.

The religious view about soul and God was resorted traditionally to explain the origin of life and mind. It is challenged here. The key idea of system philosophy of religion is that religion exists as a social system and that the existence of God is an inference confirmed by the mystical experiences of a worshipper. Finally, the synthesis of science and religion is achieved because these are two kinds of knowledge formed by two separate faculties – scientific mind and mystic mind respectively — of human mind. In the layered view of universe, the Ultimate Reality or paramporul is an X-Y coordinate system of body and consciousness. It causes the formation of a hierarchy of things – including inanimate and living things – in the universe.

The present book is written in a pedagogic style, by explaining all concepts in a basic manner making use of suitable Tables and Diagrams. So the book would serve as text as well as reference for all inquisitive readers.

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The second eBook LIFE and MIND is about 220 pages and priced $ 3.30 / Rs 230.

https://www.amazon.com/Life-Mind-System-Philosophy-Science-ebook/dp/B07G5BL9KD/ref=sr_1_1?s=digital-text&ie=UTF8&qid=1533785324&sr=1-1&keywords=GEORGE+LUK
Please see the edition LIVE and give me some feed back. I request for your kind patronage by purchasing a copy as well as recommending to your Friends.

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Introductory note for Kindle eBook Discovery of Reality

The present eBook is a treatise about ontology or theory of reality that deals with the question: what is the reality or fundamental stuff of the universe? The eclectic term reality, or ultimate reality, gets only very scanty mention in the books and dictionaries on philosophy as well as science and religion; such omission is due to the controversies and conflicts between the various conceptions about reality.

In the history of philosophy, there is a vertical split about ultimate reality consequent to the opposite notions of consciousness and matter – these views are generally called idealism and materialism. Additionally there is a parallel thought of mysticism, of which the latest version is the systems philosophy or systems view, popularized in the writings of a group of thinkers including mainly David Bohm, Fritjof Capra and Ervin Laszlo. We need to reconcile all these controversies.

But a sound theory of reality must advance a secular view about the original cause of universe and, at the same time, somehow link with the religious notion of God. This book adopts the intellectual faculty in contrast to the mystic view of religion. So the book introduces a new philosophy, named as System Philosophy, for synthesizing the diverse knowledge under science and religion. This is the reason for the title Discovery of Reality. And, the present book is the sequel to the previous two books Origin of universe and Life and Mind, which have discussed about the application of philosophy for the understanding of physical world, life, evolution and mind.

System philosophy is based on the innovative philosophical notion of system as the union of opposites. It is an integrative thought about the universe as a system of matter and consciousness, where these constituents are in dialectical and productive relation. This view effectively involves the synthesis of rational and empirical aspects of knowledge.

This book starts with the analysis of knowledge and raises the central question: can we synthesize the divergent streams of philosophy? All chapters have a considerable set of original ideas, which are arranged in the seven chapters: A Guide to the Levels of Knowledge |Functional Classification of Philosophy | Worldviews and Versions of Reality | Western Philosophy – Key Doctrines of Great Philosophers |System Philosophy of Reality |Seven Life Systems and Knowledge |Comprehensive View of Truth.

In western philosophy, there are six worldviews under the main groups of organic worldview, spiritual process worldview, mechanistic worldview and physical process worldview. These views would logically lead to seven theories of reality. Then the six worldviews would serve as the framework for giving the basic classification of the entire range of diverse philosophical doctrines. The phrase monistic philosophy is used for denoting this spectrum of doctrines; it distinguishes the erstwhile philosophy from the newly proposed System Philosophy.

Through our synthesis, we get the definition: Ultimate Reality is the system of opposite forces called Body and Consciousness, which are represented by X-axis and Y-axis respectively of coordinate geometry. This is called the System Model of Ultimate Reality. Then reality is like a factory having opposite components of infinite measure. This model establishes the existence of seven manmade social systems also. Importantly, it leads to the comprehensive doctrine about religion involving the concepts of God and Evil as well as the solution to the longstanding problem of evil. Also, the ontological existence of truth and falsehood, with various levels, is demonstrated using the system model.

The present book is written in a pedagogic style, by explaining all concepts in a basic manner making use of suitable Tables and Diagrams. So the book would serve as text as well as reference for all inquisitive readers.

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George Luke, Director, Academy of System Philosophy ,
Puthenkulam House, Cherukara Kunnu, Changanacherry, Kerala – 686101.
Phone: 9961194502, 0481- 2411830, Email: pgluke@hotmail.com

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GEORGE LUKE ( P.G.LUKE ) PROFILE

Prologue
MY EXPERIMENTS WITH PHILOSOPHY

My life story has many unexpected twists and turns, which reveals the specific intentions of almighty, the reality of universe. This brief autobiographical note is intended to reveal the trials and tribulations, which I experienced in the course of my philosophical quest. I was born on 03 June 1953 as the eldest son of Aleykutty and P. L. George belonging to Puthankulam family of Thodupuzha Taluk in Kerala state, south India. Father was a teacher of Malayalam language. I am a member of Roman Catholic Church of Christianity.
Starting life in an underdeveloped part of Kerala state, I studied in Malayalam medium schools – at Neyyassery (1958–62) up to fourth standard and afterwards at Kodikulam (1962-68). In the primary and middle levels I was very poor in mathematics. But during the year of eighth standard I had a sudden interest in Geometry, particularly in proving theorems. It kindled my aptitude for mathematics, which in coming years helped to expand my brain power. I passed SSLC in 1968 meritoriously, having placed at fiftieth rank in the all-Kerala list. I received the national merit scholarship also.
During the vacation after SSLC examination, I started reading books available in local library. Having good proficiency in reading and writing essays, I curiously read books on popular science including the articles that appeared in periodicals like Mathrubhumi weekly, especially relating to Quantum Physics and Cosmology. This interest in scientific topics prompted me to think on the deeper aspects of world and to brood over philosophical questions. My mathematical and logical mind became suitable for creative thinking on the ultimate issues, though I did not have formal education in philosophy.
I graduated from Newman College (1968-73) at Thodupuzha, securing second rank in B.Sc. (Mathematics Main) of 1973 Batch of Kerala University. It is worth mentioning that I got hundred percent marks in all Mathematics papers. My postgraduate education was in the Department of Statistics, Kariavattam Campus, University of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram. I secured first rank in M.Sc (Statistics) of 1975 Batch. Though there was an offer of lectureship from a good college, I was interested in higher studies; hence continued in the same Department for newly started M.Phil (Statistics) course and came out in next year with A Grade.
By that time, having studied econometrics in the post graduation level, I was pondering to do research in some practical problem related to economics. Keeping this aim in view and due to other circumstances, I joined Reserve Bank of India in Mumbai on 28-09-1976 as Statistical Assistant and became Staff Officer on 28-04-1982. Then I switched over to National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) and served as Assistant Manager at its Mumbai Head Office during 1983-85. With next promotion to the post of Manager, I was transferred to the regional office at Thiruvananthapuram (1985-1993) and later to Pune (1993-2001). During these twenty-five years, I could acquire professional experience by conducting various studies in connection with official work including inspection of cooperative banks.
While working in Mumbai, my intellectual life was immersed in banking and other fields of economics. I tried to do part-time research in economic department of the University of Mumbai; but my request was turned down due to lack of M. A. degree in economics. This prompted me to conduct self-study of economic texts; but I could not write exam for post graduation in this subject on account of other priorities.
Reaching Thiruvananthapuram, I continued my struggle with serious subjects alongside official work. I can recall that the seed of my interest in philosophy was sown by a special incident in 1988. On a Sunday morning, I was electrocuted while operating the washing machine in my home. Lying in water with electricity flowing through my body, unable to move or speak, I was expecting the imminent death. At that time my co-brother, who was in the next room, came and saw my danger; he rushed to put off the main switch, thus saved my life. This near-death-experience caused churning in my mind and death became a frequent subject for thought. Subsequently, the aptitude for learning philosophy had been growing in the forthcoming years. I used to get shivering due to wonder over the thought that the universe is extended infinitely without end.
Since my temperament was tuned to research activities, the job related to banking appeared to be quite routine and uninspiring. Taking books from the great libraries of British Council and Center for Development Studies in Thiruvananthapuram, I attained considerable depth in various topics of economics. The production function model of classical and neoclassical economics was the center of my intellectual fascination.
During the last period of my stay in the city, my ambition of part-time research in economics was revived. With the guidance of Professor M. A. Oommen, I prepared an article titled Productivity of Capital Investment on Marine Fishing Crafts of Kerala and got it published in July-Sept. 1993 issue of Productivity, Journal of the National Productivity council, New Delhi. On the basis of this article, I was selected in February, 1993 for research in Dept. of Economics at Kariavattam Campus of the University of Kerala. But the PhD program could not be started due to the immediate transfer of my official posting to Pune, which is reputed for better academic atmosphere. After reaching Pune, I could get the support of a guide for part-time economic research in the Mahe center of Pondicherry University, but I was denied permission on account of the lack of concerned post graduation.
Major highlight of my thought process, in the next phase, is the deviation from the ongoing study of economic themes. As a tryst with destiny, in November 1994, I purchased the popular book of Fritjof Capra, The Turning Point, which was originally published in 1982. Here Capra describes various layers of world – subatomic phenomena, biological organisms and different social organizations – as evolving systems, which are wholes of interconnected parts. Then he resorts to Chinese mysticism for addressing the ultimate questions. Since a whole is more than the sum of parts, it has holistic, ecological and dynamic existence. Accordingly, Capra’s systems view of life and economy appeared to counter the mechanistic approach of the corresponding disciplines.
The treatment of systems in Capra’s book triggered my critical mind and it became the turning point in my intellectual pursuit. I recognized that Capra has not explained the origin of life in the inanimate macromolecules like DNA. And, he failed to present a philosophical perspective about systems. What is the philosophy about the interconnected but layered world? How can we compare mysticism with the alternative thoughts about reality? What are the essential principles behind capitalism and communism? These questions agitated me and I decided to take up the study of philosophy as a new venture. I enlarged my reading by purchasing hundreds of useful books in philosophy, social sciences and related subjects from exhibitions and book stalls.
The persistence of poverty and high inequality of income-asset distribution had been a matter of grievous concern to me, in the course of analyzing the economic problems. Another issue that pained me was the cruelty and destruction due to wars as well as terrorism. Why do political leaders commit such atrocities, even though religions profess love and peace? Pondering over these problems I came to the conclusion that most of the crimes and evils are performed at the social level, rather than at individual level. The main drawback of idealism and religious philosophy is its focus on individual mind without giving due importance to the patterns of social behavior.
Thus I began to use the social perspective for deliberating about world. The most important challenge for me was to explain that social systems exist by the complementary relation of opposites. Matter-energy, space-time, body-mind, self-society, capital-labor are prominent examples of opposites, when we consider various phenomena. Continuous exposure to my books and thinking over different aspects of world generated a unique idea in me that our life is spent in seven global social systems; this principle is denoted by the phrase seven life systems. It became the key to start my philosophical project, which was named System Philosophy.
In this context, I got an intuitive idea that the production function model of economics would give an innovative method to study the interconnected behavior of opposite entities as well as social systems. However, for articulating this proposal, I have to study philosophical doctrinesseriously. Gradually I realized that the routine of official job is a hindrance to my progress in this direction. Moreover, I was suffering from diabetes for some years on account of the continuous strain of banking career and private study. Due to the pressure of such circumstances, I voluntarily retired from NABARD service on 29-9-2001 for engaging with the research, writing and publication in the field of philosophy.
Sitting at home, I plunged into the selected books in my possession for developing the themes of System Philosophy. The dialectical method that I resorted was to take notes in English and then translate it into the mother tongue Malayalam. Then the reverse method also was adopted. This bilingual process has helped me to increase the clarity of philosophical issues.
My deep interest in the production function model of economics generated a novel idea in me for depicting the reality of universe as well as our social systems. It is the first time that a mathematical model is employed in philosophy for explaining its abstract concepts.
Inspired by the hope to articulate System Philosophy in an innovative manner, I engaged myself for three years in preparing the manuscript of my first book in Malayalam. Then I approached certain important publishers, but they refused to publish my philosophical book, holding that it is difficult to sell in current scenario. So I self-published the book in April 2004 with the title Saptaloka Darshanam Samgraham (philosophy of seven life systems – a summary) under the banner of PGL Books, Changanacherry, Kerala – 686 101. This work was mainly intended to explain the theoretical concepts of the seven global systems namely nature, economy, politics, family, ethics, religion and art. Due to the popular and traditional importance of number seven, many readers were amazed at my classification.
Next development is my participation during 2004-2005 in the program of the School of People’s Economics, conducted by the NGO called VICHARA at Mavelikara, Kerala. It consisted of about thirty days of discussions and seminars on various topics, which sharpened my philosophical ideas. As a result, I prepared an article titled From Modern Science to System Philosophy and published it in the June 2005 issue of the journal OMEGA of ISR Aluva, Kerala.
As a matter of divine providence, I got the opportunity to join a research program during 2005-08 under the Association of Science, Society and Religion (ASSR) of Jnanadeep Vidya Peedh (Papel Seminary), Pune. The discussions and seminars conducted in December month of these years as well as the library facilities helped me to research on the interface between science, religion and philosophy. I presented a dissertation on this topic and it became the spring board for my intensive pursuit in the following years. So far I have purchased over thousand academic books that serve as authentic references for full time creative work, while remaining in the modest facilities of home.
 I presented a paper – titled Whitehead and particle-wave duality: A critical appraisal from the perspective of System Philosophy – in the 7th International Whitehead Conference, January 5–9, 2009 held at Dharmaram College, Bangalore.
 In March 2015, I self-published an authentic book jeevanum parinamavum (Life and Evolution) in Malayalam language discussing the theories of biological phenomena in the light of System Philosophy.
 I presented weekly Radio talk on various subjects regularly for six months in 2015-16.
 I have some letters to Editor regarding social issues published in news papers and periodicals of Malayalam language.
 I got an article titled Ayurvedathinte Jnana Sithantham (Theory of Knowledge of Ayurveda) published in the May & June 2017 issues of OUSHADHAM Journal of Ayurvedic Medicine Manufacturers Organization of India (AMMOI), Thrissur, Kerala.
 Started in 2006 a website www.systemphilosophy.com for presenting the topics of System Philosophy in simple English and Malayalam. I have posted a few important articles in this website.
 Further, recently I have some posts pertaining to philosophical ideas in my account at www.facebook.com/LukeGeorge.
 Organized the Academy of System Philosophy under a Trust to disseminate the new philosophy among wider audience.
 I regularly participate in seminars and discussions concerned with science, religion, philosophy and various social issues.
The foregoing is the background for preparing the manuscripts of the comprehensive books on System Philosophy. In the recent years I have exchanged ideas with many well placed scholars; but to my surprise they are finding it extremely hard to understand the principle of system as elaborated in my writings. Generally people are obsessed by the thought that opposite entities are separate, without any interconnection. Here I may mention the fact that acquiring knowledge is a social process, which is influenced by the ideologies and vested interests of powerful individuals of society. If a new idea comes from a lover of wisdom, who lacks the support of institutions like universities and media, it will normally face the struggle for existence. I believe that the esteemed readers of my book will help its natural selection in future because human mind has an innate tendency to prefer truth and discard falsehood.
Many teachers, friends, relatives and well wishers have helped me in the course of my life so as to contribute to the evolution of my philosophic views. My deep gratitude to all of them is beyond words. I would specifically thank Professor Hardev Singh Virk, for showing keen interest in reading my previous articles, perusing the manuscript and finally gifting me with an introduction to the present book.
I am especially indebted to many writers of philosophy and related subjects, as mentioned in the notes of chapters as well as the bibliography of this volume. I can emphasize that my limited words are not sufficient to express my acknowledgement of the ideas received from the forerunners in the history of thought.
George Luke
03 – 06 — 2018

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COMPLETE VISION OF WORLD AND REALITY

World and Reality
11.1 Dilemmas about Reality
11.2 System Philosophy of Reality
11.2.1 Three Levels of World as a System
11.2.2 System Model of Ultimate Reality

Author’s main original ideas are marked by [*].
The mark [# ] gives the number of note at the end. Continue reading

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GOD DOCTRINE FROM SYSTEM PHILOSOPHY

The new philosophy about God and Soul
There is no doubt that the idea of God is the foundational belief or central concept in the area of religious faith. But we see so much divergence of opinion among different religious groups regarding the meaning of the word ‘God’ and it causes confusion about the associated notions like soul, heaven, hell, spirituality and liberation. In this situation, the key question as to what God is becomes very complex because it raises heated debate between competing religions. The term theology means knowledge about God, encompassing the definition and characteristics of God as accepted by a religious group. The aim of this article is to deliberate upon the existence of God, without entering into the details of the theological divisions. Continue reading

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COSMOLOGY & CONSCIOUSNESS

Article 1: System philosophy of cosmology & science
A Summary by George Luke

1. Critical summary of quantum cosmology
2. Methodology and justification
3. Existence of physical world – the system model.
4. Matter, space and time — The cosmological puzzles finally solved.
5. Do we need intelligent design argument?
6. Truth of science.
NOTE : My important original ideas are marked by [*].
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1. Critical summary of quantum cosmology
The physical world has a structure with four stages or levels. From an evolutionary perspective, these stages can be compared to the four levels of a tree such as roots, branches, sub-branches and leaves which occur in chronological order. So they represent successively the main periods of cosmology as explained in chapter 13.
Table – The Structure of Physical World and quantum cosmology. [*]
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SYSTEM PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE AND EVOLUTION

Article 1 : System Philosophy of life
1. The system model
2. Cell as a Phenomenal System
3. The puzzle of life finally solved
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For explaining the puzzle pertaining to the definition of life, it is necessary to take into account of the differences between the four world views – Vitalism , Mystic principle (prana),
Naturalism (classical biology)and Physical process view(modern biology / computer model).

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